When To Harvest

When to Harvest

The most common question is when to harvest grown fruits and vegetables. Below is a list of vegetables and how to identify the best time to harvest. Although this is not the complete list of vegetables, it will continue to grow as time goes on.

AsparagusHarvest when spears are 6 to 9 inches tall.
Beans, LimaHarvest when pods are full, but seeds are green.
Beans, snapHarvest while pods snap easily and are still smooth.
Beets1 1/2 – to 2 1/2-inch beets have the highest quality.
BroccoliHarvest before flowers shows yellow color.
CabbageHarvest when heads become firm and plump.
CantaloupeHarvest when you can lift a melon, and the vine releases the melon without pressure.
CarrotHarvest any time roots are firm and brittle.
CauliflowerHarvest before curd loosens and discolors.
CollardHarvest when leaves are large but still green and firm.
CornHarvest when kernel juice is milky, silk begins to dry, and ears are full to end.
CucumberHarvest when seeds are small, the flesh is firm, and the color is green.
EggplantBefore color begins to dull.
KaleHarvest when leaves are large, but before they yellow.
KohlrabiHarvest when 2 inches or more in diameter but still tender.
LettuceHarvest when tender and mild flavored. Before bolting.
MustardHarvest when leaves are crisp and tender.
OkraHarvest when pods are 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 inches long.
OnionHarvest green onions: when the bulb is 3⁄8 to 1 inch in diameter.
ParsnipHarvest after cool weather has improved quality.
Peas, EnglishHarvest after pods have filled, but before they turn yellow.
Peas, snapHarvest after pods form but before yellowing.
Peas, SouthernHarvest for fresh use or freezing when you can easily shell the pods.
Pepper, hotHarvest after pods reaches full size.
Pepper, sweet Harvest when pods are full size and still firm.
Potato, IrishFor immediate use: After tubers are 1 inch in diameter.
Potato, sweetHarvest after reaching the desired size but before cool fall rains.
PumpkinHarvest after they are fully grown and mature colored. Before frost.
Radish Harvest when firm and brilliantly colored.
RutabagaHarvest before becoming tough.
SpinachHarvest when leaves are crisp and dark green.
Squash, summerHarvest when the large end is 1-2 1/2 inches in diameter, and the skin is still tender.
Squash, winter Harvest when fingernails do not easily scratch the rind.
Swiss, chard Harvest when leaves are crisp, tender, and still green.
Tomato Harvest when fully colored but still firm.
Turnip greens Harvest while leaves are green and crisp.
Turnip roots Harvest after 2 inches in diameter but while still tender.
Watermelon Harvest when tendrils adjacent to fruit die and rind on the ground becomes yellow.