Companion Vegetable Planting

Companion Vegetable Planting

Long time gardeners use Companion Vegetable Planting to ensure a healthy garden. Did you know that tomatoes and basil do great together in your garden and the cooking pot? Many herbs are natural insect repellents that can help keep your garden bug-free and reduce or eliminate the need for potentially harmful pesticides. By using a companion planting technique, many gardeners are discovering that they can discourage garden pests without harming helpful insects such as ladybugs and bees. Some herbs, through their odors or root secretions, will deter pests naturally. A bonus is fragrant herbs that will season the fruits of your labors. Please note that herbs can grow huge! They will take over your garden if not trimmed from time to time.

Please note this is not the definitive list of companion plants. Additional plants will be added in the future.

  • Basil – Plant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor and to repel flies and mosquitoes. Do not plant near rue.
  • Chamomile – Improves flavor of cabbages and onions.
  • Horseradish – Plant in potato patch to keep away potato bugs.
  • Rue – Deters Japanese beetles in roses and raspberries.
  • Bay Leaf – A fresh bay leaf in each storage container of beans or grains will deter weevils and moths.
  • Chervil – Companion to radishes for improved growth and flavor
  • Hyssop – Companion plant to cabbage and grapes, deters cabbage moths. Do not plant near radishes.
  • Sage – Companion plant with rosemary, cabbage, and carrots to deter cabbage moths, beetles, and carrot flies. Do not plant near cucumbers.
  • Bee Balm – Plant with tomatoes to improve growth and flavor.
  • Chives – Improves growth and flavor of carrots.
  • Lovage – Improves the flavor and health of most plants.
  • Summer Savory – Plant with beans and onions to improve growth and flavor. Discourages cabbage moths.
  • Borage – Companion plant for tomatoes, squash, and strawberries. Deters tomato worms.
  • Dill – Improves the growth and health of cabbage. Do not plant near carrots.
  • Marjoram – Improves flavor of all vegetables.
  • Tansy – Plant with fruit trees, roses, and raspberries. Deters flying insects, Japanese beetles, striped cucumber beetles, squash bugs, and ants.
  • Caraway – Good for loosening compacted soil.
  • Garlic – Plant near roses to repel aphids.
  • Mint – Deters white cabbage moths and improves the health of cabbages and tomatoes.
  • Thyme – Deters cabbage worms.
  • Catnip – Deters flea beetles (and kitties LOVE it!)
  • Gopher Purge – Deters gophers and moles.
  • Rosemary – Companion plant to cabbage, beans, carrots, and sage. Deters cabbage moths, bean beetles, and carrot flies.
  • Wormwood – Keeps animals out of the garden when planted as a border.

Crop

Companion Plant

Plant Apart

Garden Benefits

Alliums, Garlic, Leeks, Onions, ChivesTomatoes, Carrots, Strawberries, Beets, Cucumbers, Celery, Lettuce, Peppers, Squash, Cucumber, SavoryBeans And PeasDeters Carrot Flies, Aphids, Weevils, Fruit Tree Borers, Moles, Rust Flies, Nematodes, Spider Mites, Black Spot, and Mildew
BasilAsparagus, Tomatoes, PeppersDeters Tomato Hornworms, Thrips, Asparagus Beetles, Aphids, Flies, Mosquitoes, Spider Mites.
Bush BeansBeets, Carrots, Celery,  Cucumber, Corn, Eggplant,  Potato, StrawberryAlliums, FennelNitrogen Fixing. Deters Colorado Potato Beetle
BeetsBush Beans, Cabbage, Onion, SageCan Cross-Pollinate With Swiss Chard
CabbageBush Beans, Beets, Celery, Mint, Oregano, Onions, Savory, Tomatoes, Marigold,Pole Beans
Broccoli, Cauliflower, Brussels Sprouts, Bok Choy, Kale
ChervilRadishes, TurnipsImproves Growth And Flavor Of Radishes And Turnips
CarrotsBush Beans, Pole Beans, Lettuce, Onion, Chives, Peas, Radish, Tomatoes, SageDillImproves Growth And Flavor Of Cauliflower And Chives. Can Cross With Wild Carrot (Queen Anne’s Lace). Attracts Predatory Wasps
CeleryBush Beans, Cabbages, Cauliflower, Onions, Spinach, TomatoesDeters White Cabbage Moths
Coriander, CilantroCabbages, KaleDeters Aphids. AttractsHoneybees
CornPole Beans, Pumpkins And Squash, Peas Cucumbers,  Potatoes, CornflowerTomatoesA Heavy Feeder, Corn Benefits From A Nitrogen Fixer Nearby
CucumbersPeas, Beans, Lettuce Radishes,  Sunflowers, Nasturtiums, MarigoldsPotatoes, Aromatic HerbsWill Grow Up Trellises, Sunflowers, Or Corn Stalks Anchoring Them Against WindAnd Holding Fruits Up High Away From Ground Pests
DillCabbage, Lettuce, OnionsCarrots, Tomatoes, FennelImproves Growth Of Cabbage.  Attracts Honeybees
LettuceAlliums, Radishes, Carrots,  Cucumbers, StrawberriesCan Cross With Wild Lettuce Weeds
ParsleyAsparagus, Carrots, Alliums,  TomatoesDeters Asparagus Beetles, Attracts Hoverflies
PeppersAlliums, Basil,  Nasturtiums, Purslane,Eggplant, Tomatoes, Potatoes, Or Where Tomatoes Were Last YearSeed Pulp Of Hot Peppers can be used as a deterrent for Rodents, Gophers, Deer, Or Diluted For Spray But Will Not Deter Birds.
MintCabbages, StrawberriesMint Is Aggressive, And Will Overtake Most Other Plants So Give It Room And Harvest Or Cut Back OftenDeters Cabbage Moths, Aphids, And Flea Beetles, Ants. Attracts Honeybees And Pollinators
RadishesBeets, Carrots, Spinach, Parsnip, Cucumbers, Melons, Squash, Lettuce, Beans, Chervil,
SpinachCelery, Eggplant, Cauliflower
TomatoesBasil, Borage, Carrots, ParsleyFennel, Peppers, Potatoes, Eggplants